Description: perennial

Place of origin: Eurasia

Urban habitat: commonly found in disturbed sites, particularly in clay and sandy soils; tolerates compacted soil.

Ecological function: disturbance-adapted colonizer of bare ground; forage for cattle; food and habitat for insects and birds; can be beneficial to other plants due to its nitrogen-fixing properties; can control erosion of soils. Due to its vine-like growth habit it can strangle smaller plants.

History: Vicia cracca is found throughout North America, as well as in Hawaii, Greenland and other parts of the world. Its leaves have been used as a tea and seeds roasted or boiled for consumption. The cooked leaves have been used to promote lactation in nursing mother.