Common names (selected) English: cow-itch vine, devil’s shoestring, foxglove vine, Hellvine, hummingbird vine, trumpet creeper, trumpet flower, trumpetvine
Description: Deciduous semi-evergreen vine
Native regions and distribution: Native to eastern and central North America but is considered invasive in some places due to its aggressive spreading habit. It was imported into the UK on the early 17th century with colonization of North America. It is also found in Asia.
Urban habitat: Commonly found in waste areas, disturbed areas, along roadsides, fences, buildings, walls, railroads, trees, telephone poles. It thrives in full sun and is drought tolerant.
Ecological function: Fast growing, disturbance-adapted colonizer and can be used for erosion control. Food for insects and wildlife. Its flowers are especially attractive to ruby-throated hummingbirds.
History / human uses: Its leaves and flowers cause skin irritation in many mammals and is slightly toxic if ingested. It has been used medicinally to promote perspiration and for healing wounds. It is often cultivated as an ornamental due to its showy flowers.