Orchardgrass, cocksfoot, cockspur, barnyard grass, cock’s-foot
Description: evergreen perennial
Place of origin: Eurasia
Urban habitat: commonly found in compacted lawns, pathways, minimally maintained parks, vacant lots, abandoned building sites, rubble dumps, highway banks and medians, small pavement openings; tolerant of drought, full sun, shade, alkaline and acidic soils, compacted soils and roadway salt.
Ecological function: disturbance-adapted colonizer of bare ground; food for wildlife; erosion control.
History: Dactylis glomerata was introduced into North America by Europeans in 1760 and used it as forage for livestock. It is currently found throughout the North, Central and South America where it continues to be planted for erosion control, soil stabilization, and for forage. It has been used in folk remedies for treatment of tumors, kidney and bladder ailments. D. glomerata is a major cause of hayfever.