Acer saccharum

Sugar maple, Hard maple, head maple, sugartree, bird‟s-eye maple, black maple, black sugar maple, chalk maple, Florida maple, rock maple, whitebark maple

Description: deciduous tree

Place of origin: eastern and central North America

Urban habitat: sometimes found in disturbed sites and in urban woodland areas; can thrive in a wide variety of soil types.

Ecological function: food and habitat for wildlife.

History: Acer saccharum is currently the only tree species used today for commercial syrup production. It has a long history of use by humans of its sap as a sweetner. The tree is valued for its brilliant display or colors in autumn and is often planted as an ornamental. Its wood is also used, valued for its hardness and is used to make furniture, flooring, veneer and paneling and is also used to make tool handles, gunstocks, bowling pins, and musical instruments. Recent increases in Acer saccharum across North America is attributed to fire suppression. Its sap, bark and leaves were also used medicinally by Native American tribes and consumed as a sweetner. The tree is valued for its brilliant display or colors in autumn.