Bromus secalinus

Cheat, common chess, cheatgrass, bromegrass, chess, rye brome 

Description: annual grass

Place of origin: Europe, temperate Asia, northern Africa

Urban habitat: commonly found along roadsides, railroad tracks, in vacant lots, waste areas, abandoned fields; tolerant of a wide variety of soil types, thrives in full sun.

Ecological function: disturbance-adapted colonizer; food for wildlife and livestock.

History: Bromus secalinus is currently found on every continent except Antarctica. Many of related Bromus species have been used historically to create brushes and brooks, for feeding livestock, and for medicinal purposes.